A: The eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are a blueprint for development. The eight goals are to be reached by 2015. They are based on the Millennium Declaration which was agreed by all countries of the world and all of the world’s leading development institutions. The MDGs have galvanized unprecedented efforts to meet the needs of the world’s neediest people. The goals are:
MDG 1: halve the number of people who suffer from hunger and whose income is less than US$1 a day.
MDG 2: halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other major diseases.
MDG 3: eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education.
MDG 4: reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five.
MDG 5: reduce maternal mortality by three-quarters.
MDG 6: halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS, Malaria and other major diseases.
MDG 7: halve the number of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water.
MDG 8: develop an open, non-discriminatory trading and financial system, which deals comprehensively with the debt of developing nations.